House of Tudor — Henry VII; Arthur, Prince of Wales; Margaret, Queen of Scots; Henry VIII; Mary I; Elizabeth I; Edward VI

King Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon, and the two wed on June 11, 1509, and crowned at Westminster Abbey on June 24 the same year. However, Catherine did not bear Henry the sons he was desperate for; Catherine’s first child, a daughter, was stillborn, and her second child, a son named Henry, Duke of Cornwall, died fifty-two days after the birth. A further set of stillborn children were conceived, until a daughter Mary was born in 1516. When it became clear to Henry that the Tudor dynasty was at risk, he consulted his chief minister Thomas Cardinal Wolsey about the divorcing Catherine.

Queen Elizabeth I was the daughter of King Henry the VIII. Elizabeth’s mother, Anne Boleyn, was beheaded by order of her father. Many people believe this to be the motivating factor that led Queen Elizabeth to never marry and to forever be known as “The Virgin Queen”.