The Antebellum Period (from the Latin ante, “before,” and bellum, “war”) was the time period in America from after the birth of the United States to the start of the American Civil War.

Though it’s literal translation would cover a multitude of locations; it is most often used as a descriptive in relation to the southern states of Alabama, Georgia, Mississipi, Lousiana and the Carolinas in the days when cotton and tobacco were the steadfast income and plantation owners relied heavily on the tradition of slavery to work their fields.